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DSC03986 e1663261999564 220x220 - H.E. Iván Duque Márquez

H.E. Iván Duque Márquez

Former President, Republic of Colombia

Bio Current as of September 15, 2022

Iván Duque Márquez – President of the Republic (2018-2022)

Iván Duque Márquez was born in Bogotá on August 1, 1976. He is a lawyer from the Sergio Arboleda University, a Colombian politician and writer. He is married to Mrs. María Juliana Ruiz, with whom he has three children: Luciana, Matías and Eloísa.

He took office as president of the Republic of Colombia on August 7, 2018, and, for four years, ruled this South American country with his tenets of legality, entrepreneurship, and egality.

He is the author of the books Monetary Sins (2007); Machiavelli in Colombia (2010); Orange Effect (2015); IndignAction (2017); The Future Is at the Center (2018); Archaeology of My Father (2018); Humanism Matters (2019); and Road to Zero (2021). He is also co-author, together with Felipe Buitrago, of the books on creative economy The Orange Economy: An Infinite Opportunity (Inter-American Development Bank, 2013); and Orange Economy: An Infinite Reality (Ministry of Culture of Colombia, 2021).

His public career began as an advisor at the Colombian Ministry of Finance in 2000, from where he left for Washington, DC as Colombia’s senior advisor to the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) between 2001 and 2010. From there he joined the investigative panel on the incident between Israel and Turkey in relation to the Israeli incursion on the ship Mavi Marmara. He then returned to the IDB as head of the Culture, Creativity and Solidarity Division from 2011 to 2013.

He became senator of the Republic of Colombia from July 20, 2014 to April 10, 2018, where he promoted five laws on the extension of maternity leave, promotion of electric mobility, availability of defibrillators in public places, creation and promotion of the figure of BIC companies (Benefit of Collective Interest), and promotion of creative industries (Orange Law) . He resigned his seat in the Senate to devote himself to the presidential campaign that was taking place in the country, where he was ahead in all the polls that, placing him as the main favorite to occupy the first administrative position in the country.

On June 17, 2018, Iván Duque was elected President of Colombia for the constitutional period 2018 – 2022, with 10,398,689 votes, and a government program based on Legality, Entrepreneurship and Egality, defeating Gustavo Petro by more than two million votes at the polls, giving him and his running mate, Marta Lucía Ramirez, an absolute victory.

During his presidency, Iván Duque, led the fight to solve the social and economic problems derived from the COVID 19 pandemic, starting with the difficult decision to decree mandatory preventive isolation throughout the country from March 2020.

Among his main achievements in government are:

-Creation and implementation of the largest package of social support measures, in response to the crisis caused by the Covid 19 pandemic, including employment support programs, emergency food distribution, and the Solidarity Income program to benefit 3 million households that did not receive any transfers from the State (the first universal basic income program in the country).

-Creation and implementation of the free public higher education program for young people from low- and middle-income households, as well as the first programs to promote youth employment, and the implementation of the Youth Councils as a mechanism for direct political participation of those under 28 years of age.

-Expansion of environmental protection to a third of marine and underwater areas, execution of Operation Artemis to combat deforestation, creation and promotion of the Leticia Pact for the protection of the Amazon Basin and Biome, and the multiplication by more than a facto of 100 of the electricity production capacity from non-conventional renewable sources, among other actions for the protection of the environment and the fight against Climate Change.

-Creation and implementation of the Temporary Protection Statute for Venezuelans, the largest refugee assimilation program in the world, regularizing 1.8 million adults and minors to establish their lives with dignity and opportunities.

-Reactivation and completion of the main road infrastructure projects in the country, the fourth-generation concessions (4G), including the Tunnel of La Linea and the Cordillera Central Crossing (the longest and most complex road tunnels in Latin America). Additionally, he structured and put out to tender the first package of fifth-generation concessions (5G).

-Economic reactivation, making Colombia one of the few countries to recover macroeconomic and social indicators to levels prior to the Covid 19 pandemic by mid 2022.

-Unprecedented expansion of policies to support culture and creative industries, multiplying by five the resources of direct support (transfers) and indirect (tax credits), effectively making Colombia the most dynamic hub for audiovisual production in Latin America.

-Frontal fight against drug trafficking and organized crime groups, presenting the highest number of captures of high and middle-level crime leaders, as well as the dismantling of illegal groups in a four-year period.

DSC03986 220x220 - Iván Duque Márquez

Iván Duque Márquez

Presidencia de la República de Colombia

Bio Current as of April 21, 2022

Nació en Bogotá el 1º de agosto de 1976. Es abogado de la Universidad Sergio Arboleda, con estudios mayores en filosofía y humanidades. Experto en temas económicos, con estudios ejecutivos en Harvard, y con maestrías de Georgetown, en Gerencia de Políticas Públicas, y de American University, en Derecho Económico.

Se ha desempeñado como columnista y profesor. Fue jefe de la división de Cultura, Creatividad y Solidaridad del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), liderando temas de innovación social, emprendimiento, juventud y economía creativa. Fue consultor de la presidencia del BID y consejero principal por Colombia.

Como Senador sacó adelante cinco leyes de la República: la Ley Naranja, que impulsa las industrias creativas y la cultura como motor de desarrollo; la Ley de cesantías, que permite el uso de las cesantías para prepagar la educación de hijos y dependientes; la Ley de desfibriladores, que obliga a la instalación de reanimadores en sitios públicos y en transportes de emergencia en Colombia; la Ley de ‘Empresas B’, que brinda las condiciones para crear y desarrollar las sociedades comerciales de Beneficio e Interés Colectivo, y es coautor de la Ley que extendió la licencia de maternidad de 14 a 18 semanas.

Es autor de los libros IndignAcción, ideas para la Colombia del Futuro; Pecados Monetarios; Maquiavelo en Colombia; Efecto Naranja; El Futuro Está en el Centro; Arqueología de mi Padre; y es coautor, junto con Felipe Buitrago, del libro La Economía Naranja.

Iván Duque además de su actividad legislativa se ha destacado en varios ámbitos de la actualidad política del país. Fue quien redactó, presentó y defendió la demanda contra el Acto Legislativo para la Paz, ante la Corte Constitucional, que limitó el fast track y le permitió al Congreso hacer cambios en la implementación de los acuerdos con las Farc. En el 2016 fue elegido como uno de los líderes más destacados del país por la Revista Semana y la Fundación Colombia Líder, y durante sus tres años como congresista fue elegido como mejor Senador por sus propios compañeros y por varias organizaciones locales que destacan y miden la labor de los legisladores colombianos.

El presidente Duque está casado con la señora María Juliana Ruiz, con quien tiene tres hijos: Luciana, Matías y Eloísa.

El 17 de junio de 2018, Iván Duque fue elegido Presidente de Colombia para el periodo constitucional 2018 – 2022, con 10’398.689 votos, con un programa de gobierno basado en Legalidad, Emprendimiento y Equidad.