Bruno Lanvin is the President of IMD’s Smart City Observatory. He is co-founder and director of Portulans Institute, (Washington DC and Geneva). He is also a Distinguished Fellow at INSEAD. Initially a mathematician and a specialist of international trade, his research and publications have focused on information technology, innovation and talent strategies. He has over forty years of experience in advising governments and large corporations, including twenty years at the United Nations and ten at the World Bank. Since 2001, Dr Lanvin has been co-authoring The Global Information Technology Report (NRI), the Global Innovation Index Report (GII), and the Global Talent Competitiveness Index (GTCI), the Smart City Index Report, and of the award-winning book ‘Sixteen Shades of Smart’. He holds a BA in Mathematics and Physics, a MBA (HEC, a PhD in Economics (Paris I)-La Sorbonne), and is an alumnus of INSEAD (IDP-C) and MIT (Beyond Smart Cities Certificate). A frequent speaker at high-level meetings, he has been a member of numerous boards for many years, including those of ICANN, IDA-Infocomm, GovTech, IP-Watch, AAID, Kazakhstan’s Presidential Board on ICT Strategy, and the Bin Rashid Foundation for Government Innovation. He has also been a frequent speaker at the World Economic Forum, and chaired the Forum’s Global Advisory Group on ‘Future of Government’.